In a video blog, Rosatom regularly publish their successes. Currently planning the introduction of the nuclear-powered railways. For performance Rosatom has withdrawn several important reasons: Soviet predecessor, Rosatom, in fact, responsible for nuclear disasters, including the Chernobyl. At that time they were politically responsible Soviet state and its leadership.
Private or public company?
Who is now responsible for the huge Russian nuclear complex? Is the Rosatom state company or private? The website can not find the answers to these questions. Instead there is a list of 67 plants that belong to Rosatom: a series of national research institutes, private and state companies and services. Rosatom sees itself as "a set of companies engaged in the development of nuclear power plants, and improving their safety." Those who can not understand or see it is dangerous to society, non-governmental organization Transparency International. She sees a very sensitive ground for corruption.
This opinion is an independent expert on nuclear energy Ozharovski Andrej: "Rosatom has already changed its name several times: once called 'the State Committee for the use of nuclear energy', and 'Department of Atomic Energy." This has opened many opportunities Rosatom. When it comes to nuclear waste, they say we are state-owned company, please give us public funding for nuclear waste storage. But when it comes to nuclear power plants then we say: We are a private company, so do not ask anything about the safety of the reactor or our earnings abroad - these are trade secrets. "
Russian nuclear physicist Andrei Ozharovski working for NGOs, such as the "Northern Alliance for Sustainability," which brings together East European activists for environmental protection. It looks primarily Rosatom nuclear facilities, such as old nuclear power plant on the Kola Peninsula in the far north of Russia.
"The first two reactors were put into operation the 1973rd and 1974. year. Their security is not high. Their time has actually expired before the seven or eight years. But they still do. Now, even plans to increase their performance by seven percent: from 440 to 470 megawatts. It is in any case dangerous, because with this case, the reactor pressure and temperature jump above the permissible limits, "said Ozharovski.
Floating plants in the Arctic
Rosatom without see any problem. For them it is justified because of "intensive modernization measures, which have been met safety requirements of the International Organization for Nuclear Energy." So says the Rosatom website. In another document - also on the Internet - is confirmed by the increase in capacity, but without specifying the precise numbers.
Andrej Ozharovski points out that a similar problem with other Russian power and a reminder that only in February, just 11 days, for safety measures had to shut down five nuclear power plants. Rosatom is therefore not excited: soon the Arctic Ocean will be dragged floating nuclear power plant.