- We announced the creation of the first cell that you complete control of a synthetic chromosome. First we created a genetic code in the computer, add four bottles of chemicals and building each of the over one million base pairs of chromosome specific sequence. Finally we get a large molecule and inserted it into an experimental cell. The cell has recognized this molecule, which it turned into a whole new class. If we manage to cause the cell to produce what we want, they might set us free from the use of oil or help us to improve the damage caused to the environment by suction of carbon dioxide - explains Dr. Venter.
But critics argue that the potential benefits of synthetic organisms is very exaggerated.
Dr Helen Wallace of the organization to monitor the development of genetic technology gen watch warned of the danger of synthetic bacteria.
- The release of new organisms in nature can cause more harm than good - said Dr. Wallace, adding that their release in polluted environments, so they can be cleaned by actually creating a new kind of pollution. No one knows how these organisms behave in the new environment, she said.
Professor Julian Savulesku from Oxford University believes that the potential of this science will be used only in the distant future, but that he is very real and important. "
He does not deny that there are risks, and therefore insists on the introduction of new safety standards for radical research and protection of military and terrorist abuse and argues that this step towards the creation of new, unknown species nature could spark a revolution in biology, but also be misused if it gets into the wrong hands.
Critics remind us that no progress in science itself is not bad, if its application is carefully monitored.