Friday, 23 September 2011

History of medicine in one place

Sarita University Clinic (Charité) in Berlin is one of the largest in Europe. This research, lenses and teach doctors and scientists of world caliber. For more than 100 years clinics Sarita has a museum ...

High brick building located on the edge of the area in which there is sarita and numerous clinics. Another 1899th was entrusted the pathological museum. Rudolf Virhov was certainly proud and pleased. The famous doctor finally won for the museum where he could present his pathological-anatomical data collection.

"At the end of his lifetime had approximately 23 000 wet and dry preparations. They are shown of the entire human body under the skin, even what they look like a sick heart, liver, kidneys and lungs, "says Tomas Šnalke, director of the Museum of modern medical history. This collection is still in the same building, and part of the permanent setting of the development of Western medicine in the last three centuries. Indeed, a larger part of authority, preserved in jars, not bombs of World War II, no fire on the roof of the 50-ies could not be anything.

"Many of our visitors just want to know what they look like hearts, livers, kidneys, lungs? How healthy to the sick. How to assemble a variety of structures, whether small or large. How does body? What's really dangerous? What I can offer medicine to quell this threat, "explains Šnalke.

Guests usually old glass vitrine, with exhibits of the heart with a pacemaker, calcified abdominal arteries, kidneys and pelvis, malignant tumors and fetal with deformation, watching the mixture of curiosity and uneasiness.

"In the first half of the 19th century, this deformation were great mystery for science. Therefore, deformities were intensively studied. Believed to be the diseased organs could conclude that something about the healthy organism, "came Šnalke.

Walk through the long history of 300 years

At the opening of the museum 1899th Rudolf Virhov presented a whole series of deformity, as a product of nature, which still must be scientifically investigated. Although as a doctor and scientist dealt exclusively bodies of the dead, his goal always was the health of the living. He wanted, he says Tomas Šnalke to tissues in very small, even a single cell, detected signs of the disease to target treatment and then started treatment.

"Treatment is a course was associated with the current time. 150 years before the man could not think as it is today. They were still trapped in their time. And in retrospect, that sometimes you might act a little strange. Or a man thinks, for God's sake! Fortunately, today we have progressed, "says Šnalke.

Permanent Exhibition of the Museum of Medical History offers more than ample opportunity for reflection. However, not only meets the museum that displays time, collections, and the legacy of a learned gentleman Virhe, but leads the visitor to walk through 300 years of medical history: the breakthrough, delusions, and world diseases such as cholera, syphilis and tuberculosis, to release the blood and various understanding of hygiene, surgical instruments, anesthesia techniques and the possibility of surgery. There is also the setting of forced sterilized are escorted by doctors clinics Sarita during the Third Reich.

"We go from the amphitheater of anatomy of the 1700th until today, thus showing the anatomy amphitheater, a museum of anatomy, pathological dissection hall, laboratory, hospital beds, as well as exhibitions and scientific collections, and concludes with what people actually still see it as medicine, in one part of the hospital ", showing Šnalke.

Life stories of patients

Each seemingly ordinary sickbed stories life stories of patients from the last 300 years. S. Dorotea is the age of 17, 1727, brought into the world of Frederick Augustus, who died young of a fever. Hans G, children's suffering from paralysis, here lay three days 1958th Karl R, aged 55 years, due to a wound on his right index finger, he got blood poisoning. Two weeks he lay in a coma artificial and was operated on four times. Then his condition began to improve gradually. People in this state is still a challenge for medicine, says Tomas Šnalke. Despite all the advances.

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