Friday, 30 September 2011

Phobos-Grunt mission: break way in the distant universe

Russia is back in the distant universe. An important step in this direction will be made later this year. It is the automatic launching interplanetary station Phobos-Grunt is transferring to the Martian soil to Earth satellites.
The launch should be made to the Baikonur Cosmodrome with Zenit carrier rocket in November. For 11 months the cosmic device needs to get to orbit the Red Planet. Few months on spacing will conduct exploration of Mars and look for a place to land on its satellite Phobos. Then the device for lowering the surface land at Phobos, to take soil samples to be transferred to Earth. With the help of these scientists hope to learn more about the processes that take place the solar system.
All equipment at the station will be completely new, it is crammed scientific devices, Russian, foreign and joint production. Among them is the Russian-French device to explore the layout of methane in the Martian atmospheric. INHO Chinese satellite, to be launched along with Phobos, will be separated from the interplanetary station orbiting the Red Planet and will deal with its magnetic field research. So the mission is very complex, underlines the deputy head Vitaly Davidov Roskosmos.

At one time we launch Phobos delay to ensure that the mission will be performed. The decision was correct. We were able to increase the reliability of this mission because we performed additional work. Now we do not have any reasons that would lead to changes planned for beginning preparations at the Baikonur devices. Made a special group, it follows all the works on Phobos-Grunt, head of Roskosmos each week listening to information on the status of the head group of works on the project. We calculate that the mission will be implemented fully and that the Chinese unit that will be thrown together with Phobos, to fulfill its mission. Work is an important and risky. If you add up all probability, breathtaking.
Continue mission Phobos-Grunt will be Mars-Net project, which will be implemented approximately 2017th year. In addition to the expedition to the red planet , possibly, make the nearest neighbor of the Earth - the Moon, says astronaut, Deputy Energy general RKK Engineers Vladimir Solovjov.
It should form a base in orbit. The missiles would switch her major blocks. Then assembly and testing. Further to the base Dolec crew and boat tests made in orbit. Next the crew fly to the moon, the asteroid. Even before the flight to distant planets or the moon, to do some automatic satellite links around the Moon, by which one can make navigation and delivery of information.

Last, another Soviet mission to Mars exploration launched in 1987. year - Vega project, though it was not completed due to loss of connection to the cosmic machine. And now, after almost 25 years, the new, the Russian mission to place on the progress of Russia in the distant universe. The Phobos-Grunt project professionals wishing to practice the basic technology for later expeditions to the Red Planet.

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